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Recommended Captive Bolt Stunning Techniques for Cattle by Temple Grandin Updated October A captive bolt stunning gun kills the animal and reduces it instantly unconscious without causing pain.
A captive bolt gun has a steel bolt that is powered by either compressed air or a blank cartridge.
The bolt is driven into the animal's brain. It has the same effect on the animal as a firearm with a live bullet. After the animal is shot the bolt retracts and is reset for the next animal.
A captive bolt gun is safer than a firearm. There have been some questions about whether or not a captive bolt actually kills an animal. Practical experience in slaughter plants indicates that cattle shot correctly with a penetrating captive bolt have irreversible damage to their brain and they will not revive.
If a non-penetrating captive bolt is used the animal may revive unless it is bled promptly. Correct position for shooting horned cattle with captive bolt.
The exact location may vary slightly depending on the cattle breed and head shpae. Splitting skulls with a band saw can be used to verify the ideal location for penetrating the brain. The "X" is drawn from the top of the eyes to the middle of the horns. This position raises the position of the shot.
Side view showing correct location for captive bolt placement for effective shots that penetrate the brain. The gun must be placed perpendicular on the skull surface for maximum hitting power.
Angling the gun will reduce the ability of the captive bolt to penetrate the brain. Diagram courtesy of AVMA, Correct shot locations; shows front and side locations.
These photos show correctly applied captive bolt stunning. The animal is instantly rendered insensible to pain. Some plants will routinely shoot animals twice to insure that they remain insensible. When the plant is being evaluated for stunning, the auditor or inspector should inspect the animal before the second shot is applied.
And experienced operator can easily achieve this Atkinson et al. Operators who attempt to never take an extra shot are more likely to have problems with return to sensibility.
Cartridge fired captive bolts MUST be completely taken apart and cleaned after each day of use.
Even if the gun is shot only one, it must be taken apart and cleaned at the end of the shift. Replace broken parts and do not attempt to straighten a bent cocking device.
You should replace it. Keep cartridges dry; never store them in a damp location.
Soft sounding shots from cartridge fired captive bolts are less effective Grandin, ; Gregory et al, On high speed lines, rotate cartridge fired captive bolts to prevent overheating.
Overheated captive bolts lose hitting power. Use a test stand to determine if the captive bolt has sufficient bolt velocity. Pneumatic captive bolts must have a sufficient air supply to maintain the pressure specified by the manufacturer.
The air supply should be equipped with a filter and lubricator and the compressor should have sufficient capacity to maintain the required pressure during peak production time.Bruce McArthur had me in a ‘kill position,’ says Toronto man haunted by date with alleged serial killer.
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