Contact How to Write a Literature Review A literature review is a specific type of research paper that focuses on published literature on a given topic. It is often the first step in doing original research, either scientific or otherwise. It is more than a mere summary of the literature, however, as it presents analysis, patterns, and critiques of individual sources, groups of sources, and the body of literature as a whole. Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources e.
Decide on a topic It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M. However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Identify the literature that you will review: Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study.
Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl search all sources, including the Furl accounts of other Furl members. Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search: Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field.
You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Redefine your topic if needed: Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic.
Import your references into your RefWorks account see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases. You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to. Analyze the literature Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article.
You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later.
Group the articles into categories e. Once again, it's useful to enter this information into your RefWorks record.
You can record the topics in the same box as before User 1 or use User 2 box for the topic s under which you have chosen to place this article.
Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration free 30 trial downloada data base program e.
Access or File Maker Proin an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards.
Be consistent in how you record notes. Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review.
Highlights A systematic review covering 20 years of research on academic scientists’ engagement with industry. Identifies individual, organisational and institutional factors that drive engagement and characterises outcomes. Finds that drivers and outcomes of engagement are partly different compared to commercialisation activities. Identifies future research needs. Do You Need Help with the MLA Literature Review Format? If you look at a sample of a literature review written in MLA format compared to others written styles such as APA or Chicago you will see that the formatting is very different; especially for citations and references. Your MLA literature review must be completed to a very precise set of rules for formatting if it is to be accepted. PROCESS A literature review can be divided into 2 process: initiativeblog.com search for material & resources initiativeblog.comg literature review In the first process topics include 1. What to review & purpose of review 2. Literature search procedure 3. Planning of research work In .
If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.
The rule I follow is to quote only when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that I am making.
Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing.
Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions the author's opinion and actual research findings derived from empirical evidence. Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature.
This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.
Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study.Purpose of the Literature Review.
It gives readers easy access to research on a particular topic by selecting high quality articles or studies that are relevant, meaningful, important and valid and summarizing them into one complete report. A literature review is a specific type of research paper that focuses on published literature on a given topic.
It is often the first step in doing original research, either scientific or otherwise. It is more than a mere summary of the literature, however, as it presents analysis, patterns, and critiques of individual sources, groups of sources, and the body of literature as a whole.
Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology Volume 6, Towards a Guide for Novice Researchers on Research Methodology: Review and Proposed Methods. EDITORIAL. Systematic literature review X narrative review.
Scientific literature review articles are methodological studies which use database searches to retrieve results of research, and have as their mail goal the objective and theoretical discussion of a specific topic or theme.
The literature review is a critical look at the existing research that is significant to your project. You should evaluate what has already been done, Show the relationships between different work, and Show how it relates to your project.
It is not supposed to be just a summary of other people's work. Rule 1: Define a Topic and Audience. How to choose which topic to review? There are so many issues in contemporary science that you could spend a lifetime of attending conferences and reading the literature just pondering what to review.