Search anything and hit enter Overview of U. Medical Marijuana Law While cannabis continues to be classified as a Schedule 1 substance and is therefore illegal federally, states are allowed to adapt their own legislation.
Abstract Marijuana use and its distribution raise several complex health, social and legal issues in the United States. Marijuana is prohibited in only 23 states and pro-marijuana laws are likely to be introduced in these states in the future.
Increased access to and legalization of medical marijuana may have an impact on recreational marijuana use and perception through increased availability and decreased restrictiveness around the drug. The authors undertook an analysis to characterize the policy features of medical marijuana legislation, including an emphasis on the types of medical conditions that are included in medical marijuana laws.
A high degree of variability in terms of allowable medical conditions, limits on cultivation and possession, and restrictiveness of policies was discovered.
Further research is needed to determine if this variability impacts recreational use in those states. Moreover, more Americans now perceive that marijuana is harmless than view it as harmful Pew Research Center,and it is becoming a popular notion that it should not be regulated or considered illegal.
Despite the continuation of the federal prohibition of any use of marijuana products a synthetic version, Marinol, is permissible for limited medical conditionsthe use of both recreational and medicinal marijuana has been entirely legalized in the states of Colorado, Washington, Alaska and Oregon and the District of Columbia.
Twenty-three other states have medical use or decriminalization laws, or both see www. As policy shifts toward medicalization and legalization of marijuana, it is reasonable to expect that prevalence rates and resulting health consequences will increase.
Nonetheless, the summary by Volkow and colleagues of the literature identified four areas of health with strong links between marijuana use and adverse effects: These effects are greater for individuals who initiate use during adolescence and have heavy and long-term patterns of use.
In contrast to these reports of possible negative health consequences, there are credible reports by individuals suffering from chronic pain and a variety of chronic illnesses seizure disorders, cancer, glaucoma, multiple sclerosis, AIDS wasting syndrome that smoking marijuana improved their conditions when standard treatments did not e.
As laws and attitudes regarding the permissiveness of marijuana use continue to shift, it is germane to reflect and summarize the current state of the regulations surrounding this drug.
Individual states are exercising freedom with respect to establishing the context under which possession and use are legal, and there is a great deal of variability as to which medical conditions are eligible for medical marijuana as well as the particular controls and boundaries established by these laws.
NORML's mission is to move public opinion sufficiently to legalize the responsible use of marijuana by adults, and to serve as an advocate for consumers to assure they have access to high quality marijuana that is safe, convenient and affordable. In the United States, the use and possession of cannabis is illegal under federal law for any purpose, by way of the Controlled Substances Act of January 18, medical marijuana law signed by Governor Jon Corzine. Maximum 1 year in prison and 1, dollar fine for possession of up to 50 grams. September 19, 3. Preventing the diversion of marijuana from states where it is legal under to state law in some form to other states; 4. Preventing state-authorized marijuana activity from being used as a cover or a pretext to traffic other illegal drugs or other illegal activity; 5.
For example, some medical marijuana states permit an individual to grow their own plants whereas others do not; some states have a limited list of medical conditions and some are quite liberal in this area.
It is important to characterize this variability among states in order to facilitate evaluations as to which regulations protect the patient who is legally using marijuana and which are associated with changes in use patterns in the general population.
Given that a characterization of medical marijuana laws has not yet been undertaken, the authors sought to identify key distinguishing features of medical marijuana policies across states and to classify them with respect to degree of permissiveness.
A greater understanding of current polices will help to inform future policies and serve as a means by which the strength of existing policies can be assessed. Materials and Methods Data from the statues and bills that established medical marijuana in that state or DC was abstracted.
Two sources were utilized: A single reviewer senior author carefully read each piece of legislation and recorded information onto an abstraction sheet. Abstracted data were confirmed via an alternative method such as a state-specific medical marijuana website to ensure correct interpretation of the legislation.
A single reviewer completed each abstraction twice with a one-week washout period between abstractions. The second author Winters independently reviewed the data on individual state legislations based on at ncsl.Introduction.
The regulation of mind-altering drugs in the United States has been steadily expanding since the early 20th century.
It is necessary to briefly review this history in order to place in context the current status of marijuana, and medical marijuana in particular. Medical Marijuana States Currently, 30 states have passed laws to establish comprehensive public medical marijuana programs.
California was the first to allow medical use of marijuana with the passing of Proposition in 3. Preventing the diversion of marijuana from states where it is legal under to state law in some form to other states; 4.
Preventing state-authorized marijuana activity from being used as a cover or a pretext to traffic other illegal drugs or other illegal activity; 5. But the practice of smoking marijuana leaf in cigarettes or pipes was largely unknown in the United States until it was introduced by Mexican immigrants during the first few decades of the twentieth century.
That introduction, in turn, generated a reaction in the U.S., tinged perhaps with anti-Mexican xenophobia. As of June , medical marijuana was permitted in some way in over 25 states and the District of Columbia, proving that a change in the way Americans view and legislate about marijuana has arrived.
Notably medical marijuana laws differ by state. Marijuana has been illegal in the United States since , when Congress prohibited its use for recreational, industrial, and therapeutic purposes with the Marihuana [sic] Act of Under the Controlled Substances Act of , the drug and all its cannabinoid forms were classified as Schedule I substances, belonging to the same class as heroin (cocaine, by contrast, is a Substance II drug).