The ideas of this one man began to change the religious, political and social norms of the 16th century and continue to unto this vary day. He may be the singular most important figure in Western religious culture to this day. Unlike many historical figures that came from prosperous families or nobility which then rose to power themselves, Martin Luther was proud of having been born to a low income family.
The Latin word sola means "alone", "only", or "single". The use of the phrases as summaries of teaching emerged over time during the Reformation, based on the overarching principle of sola scriptura by scripture alone. This idea contains the four main doctrines on the Bible: The necessity and inerrancy were well-established ideas, garnering little criticism, though they later came under debate from outside during the Enlightenment.
The most contentious idea at the time though was the notion that anyone could simply pick up the Bible and learn enough to gain salvation. The second main principle, sola fide by faith alonestates that faith in Christ is sufficient alone for eternal salvation.
Though argued from scripture, and hence logically consequent to sola scriptura, this is the guiding principle of the work of Luther and the later reformers. The other solas, as statements, emerged later, but the thinking they represent was also part of the early Reformation.
Catholics, on the other hand, maintained the traditional understanding of Judaism on these questions, and appealed to the universal consensus of Christian tradition. The reformers posited that salvation is a gift of God i. Glory to God alone All glory is due to God alone since salvation is accomplished solely through his will and action—not only the gift of the all-sufficient atonement of Jesus on the cross but also the gift of faith in that atonement, created in the heart of the believer by the Holy Spirit.
The reformers believed that human beings—even saints canonized by the Catholic Church, the popes, and the ecclesiastical hierarchy—are not worthy of the glory.
The Protestant movement began to diverge into several distinct branches in the mid-to-late 16th century. One of the central points of divergence was controversy over the Eucharist.
Early Protestants rejected the Roman Catholic dogma of transubstantiationwhich teaches that the bread and wine used in the sacrificial rite of the Mass lose their natural substance by being transformed into the body, blood, soul, and divinity of Christ.
They disagreed with one another concerning the presence of Christ and his body and blood in Holy Communion. This is often referred to as dynamic presence. Anglicans refuse to define the Presence preferring to leave it a mystery.
The Prayer Books describe the bread and wine as outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace which is the Body and Blood of Christ. However, the words of their liturgies suggest that one can hold to a belief in the Real Presence and Spiritual and Sacramental Present at the same time.
Perhaps the best way to see it is that the Anglican view incorporates all three of the above positions and the Roman and Orthodox. Perhaps the closest that one can get to pinning down an Anglican view they are notorious for refusing to so are the words of St.
John of Damascus, "the bread and wine are visible symbols of a spiritual reality.Protestant Reformation Information Center - electronic library of resources on the Protest. Reformation Christian Protestant Catholic Pope Luther Calvin Christianity Lutheran Methodist Presbyterian Anglican.
Sep 05, · This section documents the composition of the three major Protestant traditions (evangelical Protestantism, mainline Protestantism and historically black Protestantism) as they have been defined in this report.
27 Protestants were grouped into religious traditions based on the specific denomination. Protestant Reformation Protestant Reformation research papers discuss the greatest schism in Western Christianity and the beginning of the modern world.
Martin Luther was a German monk who, in , published his Ninety-Five Theses, which criticized the Catholic . A consideration of the Protestant Reformation and the Bible and its relationship to the development of the idea of the Bible alone.
As Protestants prepare to commemorate the th anniversary of the Reformation, a new Pew Research Center survey finds that the prevailing view among Catholics and Protestants in Western Europe is that they are more similar religiously than .
To mark the anniversary of the Protestant Reformation, The Washington Post asked faith leaders and readers: “What do you think needs reforming in the practice of religion in the United States.